Who Questioned Chemotherapy
Dr. Ralph Moss has written the book, Questioning
Chemotherapy, which documents the ineffectiveness of chemotherapy in
treating most cancers. On November 19, 1977, he was fired for telling the public
the truth. At a press conference on November 18th, he and the Second Opinion
working group released a well-documented 48-page report that stated the top
officials of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center had lied about the
results of a study performed at the center regarding "Laetrile" -- (a natural,
alternative cancer treatment).
Dr. Moss has gained credibility by writing eight books,
including his most recent work, Cancer Therapy: The Independent Consumer's Guide
to Non-Toxic Treatment. He also wrote The Cancer Industry, a documented research
work telling of the enormous financial and political corruption in the "cancer
establishment". He indicates that the motivating forces in cancer research and
treatment are often power and money, and not the cure of cancer patients. He
also writes, The Cancer Chronicles, a newsletter reporting on new cancer
treatments and preventive measures.
Dr. Moss' work documents the ineffectiveness of
chemotherapy on most forms of cancer. However, he is fair in pointing out that
there are the following exceptions: Acute Iymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin's
disease, and nonseminomatous testicular cancer. Also, a few very rare forms of
cancer, including choriocarcinoma, Wilm's tumor, and retinoblastoma. But all of
these account for only 2% to 4% of all cancers occurring in the United States.
This leaves some 96% to 98% of other cancers, in which chemotherapy doesn't
eliminate the disease. The vast majority of cancers, such as breast, colon, and
lung cancer are barely touched by chemotherapy. However, there is another
category where chemotherapy has a relatively minor effect -- The most
"successful" of these is in Stage 3 ovarian cancer, where chemotherapy appears
to extend life by perhaps eighteen months, and small-cell lung cancer in which
chemotherapy might offer six more months.
Effective cancer treatment is a matter of definition. The
FDA defines an "effective" drug as one which achieves a 50% or more reduction in
tumor size for 28 days. In the vast majority of cases there is absolutely no
correlation between shrinking tumors for 28 days and the cure of the cancer or
extension of life.
When the cancer patient hears the doctor say "effective,"
he or she thinks, and logically so, that "effective" means it cures cancer. But
all it means is temporary tumor shrinkage.
Chemotherapy usually doesn't cure cancer or extend life,
and it really does not improve the quality of the life either. Doctors
frequently make this claim though. There are thousands of studies that were
reviewed by Dr. Moss as part of the research for his book -- and there is not
one single good study documenting this claim.
What patients consider "good quality of life" seems to
differ from what the doctors consider. To most it is just common sense that a
drug that makes you throw up, and lose your hair, and wrecks your immune system
is not improving your quality of life. Chemotherapy can give you
life-threatening mouth sores. People can slough the entire lining of the
intestines! One longer-term effect is particularly tragic: people who've had
chemotherapy no longer respond to nutritional or immunologically-based
approaches to their cancers. And since chemotherapy doesn't cure 96% to 98% of
all cancers anyway...People who take chemotherapy have sadly lost their chance
of finding another sort of cure.
It's especially telling that in a number of surveys most
chemotherapists have said they would not take chemotherapy themselves or
recommend it for their families. Chemotherapy drugs are the most toxic
substances ever put deliberately into the human body. They are known poisons,
they are designed poisons. The whole thing began with experiments with "mustard
gas," the horrible chemical-warfare agents from World War I.
Dr. Moss' position on chemotherapy is supported by many
major students of the study of cancer treatment. Following are some examples:
Dr. John Bailar is the chief of epidemiology at McGill University in Montreal
and was formerly the editor of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. In
1986 the New England Journal of Medicine published an article by Dr. Bailer and
Dr. Elaine Smith, a colleague from the University of Iowa. Bailer and Smith
wrote: "Some 35 years of intense and growing efforts to improve the treatment of
cancer have not had much overall effect on the most fundamental measure of
clinical outcome - death. The effort to control cancer has failed so far to
obtain its objectives.
Dr. John Cairns, a professor of microbiology at Harvard,
published his view in Scientific American in 1985, "that basically the war on
cancer was a failure and that chemotherapy was not getting very far with the
vast majority of cancers."
As far back as 1975, Nobel Laureate James Watson of DNA
fame was quoted in the New York Times saying that the American public had been
"sold a nasty bill of goods about cancer."
In 1991, Dr. Albert Braverman, Professor of Hematology and
Oncology at the State University of New York, Brooklyn, published an article in
Lancet titled "Medical Oncology in the 1990s," in which he wrote: "The time has
come to cut back on the clinical investigation of new chemotherapeutic regimens
for cancer and to cast a critical eye on the way chemotherapeutic treatment is
now being administered."
Dr. Braverman says that there is no solid tumor incurable
in 1976 that is curable today. Dr. Moss confirms this and claims that the
greatest breakthrough in the objective study of chemotherapy came from a
biostatistician at the University of Heidelberg, Dr. Ulrich Abel. His critique
focused on whether chemotherapy effectively prolonged survival in advanced
epithelial cancer. His answer was that it is not effective. He summarized and
extended his findings and concluded that chemotherapy overall is ineffective. A
recent search turned up exactly zero reviews of his work in American journals,
even though it was published in 1990. The belief is that this is not because his
work was unimportant -- but because it's irrefutable.
With the extensive documentation in Dr. Moss' book, and all
the statistics developed by the experts, why is chemotherapy still pushed by the
large majority of oncologists? Dr. Moss feels that "there's a tremendous
conflict going on in the minds of honest, sensitive, caring oncologists."
They're in a very difficult position because they've been trained to give these
drugs. And they've devoted many years to reaching a very high level of expertise
in the knowledge of poisonous, deadly compounds. They're really in a bind,
because they went into oncology to help the cancer patient, yet the tools
they've been given don't work. And they see what happens to physicians who "step
out of line" and treat cancer with alternative means.
Armed raids, loss of licensure, professional smearing and
ostracism are some of the consequences. These could all be related to the
quotation in the book made by Dr. Lundberg, editor of the Journal of the
American Medical Association. At a recent National Institute of Health meeting,
he said of chemotherapy: "[It's] a marvelous opportunity for rampant deceit. So
much money is there to be made that ethical principles can be overrun sometimes
in a stampede to get at physicians and prescribers." You never heard that on the
The economics of cancer treatment are astounding. Cancer
treatment is close to $100 billion annually ($100,000,000,000). The chemotherapy
part of that by 1995 will be up to $8.5 billion. Looking from another angle: the
Bristol Myers company owns patents on twelve of the nearly forty "FDA-approved"
chemotherapeutic drugs. The president, past president, chairman of the board,
and a couple of the directors of Bristol Myers all hold positions on the board
at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
Dr. Moss' book details the failures (and very few
successes) for chemotherapy with more than fifty types of cancer, includes a
complete description of the major chemotherapy drugs, and has a section about
questions to ask your doctor. All of Dr. Moss' books and Cancer Chronicles
newsletters are available from Equinox Press, 1-800-929-WELL or
We are obviously losing ground with conventional cancer
treatment, because the death rates keep going up. The reason for this is because
conventional treatment is based on a faulty standard: That the body must be
purged of cancer by aggressive and toxic methods such as surgery chemotherapy
and radiation therapy. This, of course, seemed reasonable back in 1894 when
William Halsted, M.D. did the first radical mastectomy, but it has proven to be
so wrong over the last 50 years that continuing to adhere to it constitutes more
fraud than honest mistake. However, this standard still dominates conventional
cancer therapy, and until that changes, we will continue to lose ground with
Dr. Whitaker, a firm believer in Dr. Moss' work and
alternative cancer therapy goes on to give some of his personal
Statistics Don't Tell the Real Story
What is lost in the unemotional statistic of 500,000 cancer
deaths per year is how those people died. Dr. Whitaker goes on to say more about
the treatment of cancer: In my opinion, conventional cancer therapy is so toxic
and dehumanizing that I fear it far more than I fear death from cancer. We know
that conventional therapy doesn't work -- if it did, you would not fear cancer
any more than you fear pneumonia. It is the utter lack of certainty as to the
outcome of conventional treatment that virtually screams for more freedom of
choice in the area of cancer therapy. Yet most so-called alternative therapies
regardless of potential or proven benefit, are outlawed, which forces patients
to submit to the failures that we know don't work, because there's no other
Personal Belief Systems Determine the Choices You
Because cancer treatment is such a sensitive issue, I need
to set some ground rules before I tell you what I would do if I had cancer. What
follows is what I personally would do. It is not a recommendation for you, and
should not be considered as such. It is not even what my wife would do(that
would be her decision), nor is it what my young son would do (that would be the
joint decision of my wife and myself). The choices to be made in treating cancer
are not easy ones, because there is so little certainty of cure in any of them.
The course that someone chooses to take is very personal, and reflects not only
that person's knowledge of the options, but also his/her beliefs.
Yet, because we are strongly influenced by our natural fear
of death, we lineup for conventional cancer therapy, not so much believing that
it will work, but hoping that it will not fail. If expensive, debilitating
procedures to eliminate acne scars had the same failure rate as cancer
treatment, they would be abandoned. It is only because cancer is so often fatal
that conventional approaches were not abandoned long ago. We continue to use
them not because they work, but because those who perform them have so
vigorously eliminated any other choice.
My Imaginary Cancer Scenario
(by Dr. Whitaker)
Though I would approach my own dilemma with hopes of total
cure, I would be the first to admit that, regardless of the course I took, the
chances of that are small. Consequently, my choices of cancer therapy are a mix
of science and philosophy. They are as much a reflection of how I would struggle
for survival as of how I would wish to die if the struggle failed. For the
purposes of this discussion, let us assume that I have just been diagnosed with
cancer of the lung, and a particularly virulent one. (Please understand that I
do not have cancer, nor do I smoke.) Before going into what I would do and why,
let me say what I wouldn't do, and why.
I Wouldn't Take A Passive Role
If I am going to fight for my life, I want to do just that.
I am always perplexed by the news stories of some celebrity, doped to the gills
with heinous poison, "courageously battling for his life." What does this mean?
The celebrity, who simply accepts conventional cancer therapy, is no more
"courageous" than a laboratory mouse. This is not to say that what the celebrity
is doing is wrong, only that it is the very opposite of a willful act of
Taking a passive role with today's conventional therapy is
terribly dangerous. Recently Jackie Kennedy, after a "courageous fight,"
succumbed to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma - or did she? Her early demise, attributed
to the cancer, was a shock to cancer specialists worldwide, and brought into
question the real cause of her death. She had been given an unproved protocol of
very high-dose chemotherapy. The drugs alone could easily have caused her death
- and this would not be unusual. There are numerous cases of iatrogenic
(doctor-induced) deaths from chemotherapy.
I'd Actively Fight For My Life
On the other hand, the cancer patient who says, "no,
thanks" to chemotherapy recommended by large cancer treatment centers, and takes
off to Grand Bahamas Island to receive Immuno-Augmentative Therapy (IAT); or to
Houston, Texas, to receive antineoplastons from Dr. Stanislaw Burzynski; or who
heads to the public library to make a battle plan, has begun fighting and is
Whether I win or lose, that is the course I would take.
What have I got to lose? Conventional treatment is toxic and simply doesn't
work, so I would throw my lot with something safe that might work, and folks, a
lot of approaches fit that description. I also believe patients who seek
alternative therapies are more optimistic. They have only one worry - the
cancer- not the cancer and the therapy!
And Now. Here's What I Would Do
(by Dr. Whitaker)
I'd turn my back on 50 years of institutionalized
expertise, because it follows the wrong paradigm. Everything that is done in
medicine or in any other discipline fits some paradigm. The paradigm I use for
cancer is that it is a systemic problem in which the normal control mechanisms
of your body are altered. Your immune system likely bears the largest burden for
this control; thus, all techniques that enhance it are promising. Those that
damage it are not.
Also, cancer cells are different from normal cells in many
ways, including their metabolic profile. At least one non-toxic therapy,
hydrazine sulfate, takes advantage of this difference. It has been shown in
double-blind trials published in respectable journals to significantly reduce
the severe weight loss (cachexia) of advanced cancer, and markedly improve the
patient's emotional state, almost to the point of euphoria. It is also
inexpensive. Even though hydrazine sulfate has been shown to be effective and
non-toxic, and it makes the patient feel better, it is ignored by every major
cancer center. Yet I would take it immediately. (For more on hydrazine sulfate,
see Ralph Moss' book, The Cancer Industry.)
First, I would Change My Diet
I would switch to a mostly vegetarian diet. I'd also take
the Nutritional Supplements "Green foods," such as GREENS+ (800/643-1210) or
Green Magma (from Healthy Directions; 800/722-8008, ext. 572). These supplements
include the phyto-chemicals, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals required for
optimal health.. I would enhance that basic program with the
Vitamin C - 10,000 mg per day in divided doses. Ewan
Cameron, a Scottish physician, did a study in which 100 cancer patients were
given 10,000 mg of vitamin C for the rest of their lives, while control patients
were not. The patients on vitamin C lived much longer than the age-matched
controls. The Mayo Clinic did two studies on vitamin C, and in both studies
found that vitamin C did not help. However, both studies were set up in a manner
that almost guaranteed failure. Frankly, I think that this was done
intentionally to generate negative publicity for this non-toxic
Cartilage - A three- to four-month trial of bovine or shark
cartilage. The mucopolysaccharides in cartilage stimulate the immune system and
normalize malignant cells. Ninety percent of patients with a variety of cancers
responded to a clinical trial of bovine cartilage; shark cartilage has
demonstrated success rates of 25 to 50%. VitaCarte bovine cartilage is available
from Phoenix BioLabs, 800/947-8482 (suggested dose is 9 g a day). Shark
cartilage can be obtained from MHP 800-647-0074 (suggested dose is 1 g per 3
pounds of body weight).
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) - Used as an effective therapy in
congestive heart failure, CoQ10 has only recently been studied as a cancer
treatment. Cancer patients have been found to have deficiencies of CoQ10.
Clinical trials in breast cancer have resulted in no further metastases,
improved quality of life (no weight loss and less pain), and partial remission
in six of 32 patients. Vitaline makes a chewable CoQ10 with vitamin E
(800/648-4755; 503/482-9231, in Canada).
Essiac Tea - 2 ounces 3 times a day. This blend of four
herbs -burdock root, sheep's sorrel, slippery elm and Indian rhubarb root- has
its genesis in Native American medicinal folklore. Since it was "discovered" by
Canadian nurse Rene Caisse in the 1920s, thousands have claimed to have had
their cancers cured by this tea. I'd keep on searching. We have the formula if
you are interested in purchasing the individual herbs in bulk.
Finally, you should know that if I were battling cancer -
or any serious disease, for that matter- I would be in a constant search for
effective, non-toxic therapies. One place to begin that search is with Ralph
Moss, Ph.D. He is probably the most knowledgeable writer in the world on
alternative therapies for cancer, and has recently published a 530-page book,
Cancer Therapy, The Independent Consumer's Guide to Nontoxic Treatment and
Prevention. (Equinox Press, New York, NY, 1995). In addition, Dr. Moss offers a
report service called Healing Choices, which ascertains, through a
questionnaire, the type and severity of cancer, and suggests alternatives. This
costs $250, and it is well worth it. If I had cancer, I would start here for
more information. You can get more information by sending a large SASE to The
Cancer Chronicles, 2 Lincoln Square, Suite 31A, New York, NY 10023, or by
calling Melissa Wolf at 718/636-4433.
Another source of information is People Against Cancer,
which provides a comprehensive counseling service called the Alternative Therapy
Program. It includes a review of your medical records by a network of doctors
using alternative therapies. It also costs $250. People Against Cancer can be
reached at 515/972-4444. Their Internet address is:
This is certainly not my final say on cancer treatment,
because it changes as new research is done. I want to say again that what I
would do is not a recommendation for you. However, it is not a reasonable belief
to think that conventional cancer experts offer the best approaches for most
cancers. There is just too much evidence to the contrary. One of these days
there may not be a need for ''alternative' approaches to cancer. Until then,
look for the answers to the cancer riddle in the growing field of alternatives,
because they are obviously not present in our armamentarium of conventional